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Solid State Devices 1

Semiconductor are everywhere in human activities, from your credit card to space exploration. This graduate-level introduction brings aspects of physics, chemistry, and engineering together to understand, analyze, and design transistors and solar cells.

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Comienza el Aug 23
Termina el Dec 18
16 semanas estimadas
7–10 horas por semana
Al ritmo del instructor
Dictado por un instructor según un cronograma
Gratis
Cambio opcional de categoría disponible

Sobre este curso

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This course provides the graduate-level introduction to understand, analyze, characterize and design the operation of semiconductor devices such as transistors, diodes, solar cells, light-emitting devices, and more.

The material will primarily appeal to electrical engineering students whose interests are in applications of semiconductor devices in circuits and systems. The treatment is physics-based, provides derivations of the mathematical descriptions, and enables students to quantitatively analyze device internal processes, analyze device performance, and begin the design of devices given specific performance criteria.

Technology users will gain an understanding of the semiconductor physics that is the basis for devices. Semiconductor technology developers may find it a useful starting point for diving deeper into condensed matter physics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, and materials science. The course presents an electrical engineering perspective on semiconductors, but those in other fields may find it a useful introduction to the approach that has guided the development of semiconductor technology for the past 50+ years.

Students taking this course will be required to complete:

  • three (3) proctored exams using the edX online Proctortrack software.
  • thirteen (13) weekly homework assignments.
  • thirty (30) online quizzes are spread throughout the 15-week semester.

Completed exams and homework will be scanned and submitted using Gradescope for grading.

This course is one of a growing suite of graduate-level courses being developed in an edX/Purdue University collaboration. Courses like this can apply toward a Purdue University MSECE degree for students accepted into the full master’s program.

De un vistazo

  • Institución: PurdueX
  • Tema:Electrónica
  • Nivel:Advanced
  • Prerrequisitos:

    This course is designed for students who have an undergraduate degree in electrical and computer engineering or similar. Knowledge of vector algebra and differential equations and some mathematical scripting languages (e.g., Python, Jupyter, MATLAB, Octave) is recommended.

  • Idioma:English
  • Transcripción de video:English

Lo que aprenderás

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With the completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Explain the working principles of these devices.
  • Explain the physical processes in these devices.
  • Relate the device performance to materials and design criteria.
  • Speak the "language" of device engineers.
  • Be ready to engage in device research

Plan de estudios

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Week 1:

  • Solid State Devices Introduction
  • Semiconductor Materials
  • Applications of Elemental and Compound Semiconductors
  • Atomic Positions and Bond Orientation
  • Crystals
  • Bravais Lattice
  • Surfaces, Miller Index

Week 2:

  • Elements of Quantum Mechanics
  • Classic Systems
  • Why D We Need Quantum Mechanics?
  • Formulation of Schrodinger's Equation
  • Analytical Solutions to Free and Bound Electrons​
  • Electrons in a Finite Potential Well

Week 3:

  • Electron Tunneling – Emergence of Bandstructure ​
  • Transfer Matrix Method
  • Tunneling through Barriers
  • Bandstructure – in 1D Periodic Potentials

Week 4:

  • Brillouin Zone and Reciprocal Lattice​
  • Constant Energy Surfaces & Density of States​
  • Bandstructure in Real Materials (Si, Ge, GaAs)​
  • E(k) Diagrams in Specific Crystal Directions
  • Constant Energy Surfaces
  • Density of State Effective Mass

Week 5:

  • Bandstructure Measurements​
  • Occupation of States​
  • Fermi-Dirac Statistics: Three Techniques
  • Intrinsic Carrier Concentration
  • Band Diagrams

Week 6:

  • Doping
  • Donors and Acceptors
  • Temperature Dependence
  • Introduction to Non-Equilibrium
  • Steady State, Transient, Equilibrium

Week 7:

  • Recombination & Generation
  • R-G Formula
  • SRH Formula
  • Direct and Auger Recombination
  • Nature of Interface States

Week 8:

  • Intro to Transport - Drift, Mobility, Diffusion, Einstein Relationship
  • Drift Current
  • Mobility
  • Hall Effect
  • Semiconductor Equations
  • Continuity Equations
  • Analytical Solutions
  • Numerical Solutions

Week 9:

  • Introduction to PN Junctions
  • PN Diode I-V Characteristics

Week 10:

  • PN Diode AC Response
  • PN Diode Large Signal Response
  • Schottky Diode

Week 11:

  • MOS Electrostatics & MOScap
  • Q-V Characteristics
  • MOS Capacitor Signal Response
  • MOSFET Introduction

Week 12:

  • MOSFET Non-Idealities
  • Flat Band Voltage
  • Modern MOSFET
  • Moore's Law Challenges
  • Short Channel Effect
  • Mobility Enhancement

Week 13:

  • Bipolar Junction Transistor - Fundamentals
  • Band Diagrams in Equilibrium
  • Currents in BJTs
  • Ebers Moll Model

Week 14:

  • Bipolar Junction Transistor - Design
  • Current Gain
  • Base Doping Design
  • Collector Doping (Kirk Effect, Base Pushout)
  • Emitter Doping Design
  • Poly-Si Emitter
  • Shoe Base Transport
  • Bipolar Junction Transistor – High Frequency Response

Week 15

  • Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor
  • Applications, Concept, Innovation, Nobel Prize
  • Types of Heterojunctions,: Abrupt, Graded, Double
  • Modern Designs

Acerca de los instructores

Preguntas frecuentes

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Does this course require textbooks?

Yes. This course will use the textbooks below.

  • Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals , second edition, Robert F. Pierret, Publisher: Pearson, ISBN-13: 978-0130617927 ISBN-10:013061792X
  • Semiconductor Device Fundamentals , Robert. F. Pierret, Publisher Addison Wesley, ISBN-13: 978-0201543933 ISBN-10:0201543931

¿Quién puede hacer este curso?

Lamentablemente, las personas residentes en uno o más de los siguientes países o regiones no podrán registrarse para este curso: Irán, Cuba y la región de Crimea en Ucrania. Si bien edX consiguió licencias de la Oficina de Control de Activos Extranjeros de los EE. UU. (U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control, OFAC) para ofrecer nuestros cursos a personas en estos países y regiones, las licencias que hemos recibido no son lo suficientemente amplias como para permitirnos dictar este curso en todas las ubicaciones. edX lamenta profundamente que las sanciones estadounidenses impidan que ofrezcamos todos nuestros cursos a cualquier persona, sin importar dónde viva.

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