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PurdueX: Solid State Devices 1

Semiconductor are everywhere in human activities, from your credit card to space exploration. This graduate-level introduction brings aspects of physics, chemistry, and engineering together to understand, analyze, and design transistors and solar cells.

17 weeks
7–10 hours per week
Instructor-led on a course schedule
This course is archived

About this course

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This course provides the graduate-level introduction to understand, analyze, characterize and design the operation of semiconductor devices such as transistors, diodes, solar cells, light-emitting devices, and more.

The material will primarily appeal to electrical engineering students whose interests are in applications of semiconductor devices in circuits and systems. The treatment is physics-based, provides derivations of the mathematical descriptions, and enables students to quantitatively analyze device internal processes, analyze device performance, and begin the design of devices given specific performance criteria.

Technology users will gain an understanding of the semiconductor physics that is the basis for devices. Semiconductor technology developers may find it a useful starting point for diving deeper into condensed matter physics, statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, and materials science. The course presents an electrical engineering perspective on semiconductors, but those in other fields may find it a useful introduction to the approach that has guided the development of semiconductor technology for the past 50+ years.

Students taking this course will be required to complete:

  • two (2) projects
  • one (1) proctored exam using the edX online Proctortrack software.
  • nine (9) homework assignments.
  • thirty-one (31) online quizzes are spread throughout the 16-week semester.

Completed homework and exam will be scanned and submitted using Gradescope for grading.

This course is one of a growing suite of graduate-level courses being developed in an edX/Purdue University collaboration. Courses like this can apply toward a Purdue University MSECE degree for students accepted into the full master’s program.

At a glance

  • Institution: PurdueX
  • Subject: Electronics
  • Level: Advanced
  • Prerequisites:

    This course is designed for students who have an undergraduate degree in electrical and computer engineering or similar. Knowledge of vector algebra and differential equations and some mathematical scripting languages (e.g., Python, Jupyter, MATLAB, Octave) is recommended.

  • Language: English
  • Video Transcript: English
  • Associated skills: Mechanics, Physics, Semiconductor Device, Space Exploration, Computer Engineering, Specific Performance, Transistor, Materials Science, Thermodynamics, Semiconductors, Condensed Matter, Chemistry, Electrical Engineering

What you'll learn

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With the completion of this course, students will be able to:

  • Explain the working principles of these devices.
  • Explain the physical processes in these devices.
  • Relate the device performance to materials and design criteria.
  • Speak the "language" of device engineers.
  • Be ready to engage in device research

Week 1:

  • Solid State Devices Introduction
  • Semiconductor Materials
  • Applications of Elemental and Compound Semiconductors
  • Atomic Positions and Bond Orientation
  • Crystals
  • Bravais Lattice
  • Surfaces, Miller Index

Week 2:

  • Elements of Quantum Mechanics
  • Classic Systems
  • Why D We Need Quantum Mechanics?
  • Formulation of Schrodinger's Equation
  • Analytical Solutions to Free and Bound Electrons​
  • Electrons in a Finite Potential Well

Week 3:

  • Electron Tunneling – Emergence of Bandstructure ​
  • Transfer Matrix Method
  • Tunneling through Barriers
  • Bandstructure – in 1D Periodic Potentials

Week 4:

  • Brillouin Zone and Reciprocal Lattice​
  • Constant Energy Surfaces & Density of States​
  • Bandstructure in Real Materials (Si, Ge, GaAs)​
  • E(k) Diagrams in Specific Crystal Directions
  • Constant Energy Surfaces
  • Density of State Effective Mass

Week 5:

  • Bandstructure Measurements​
  • Occupation of States​
  • Fermi-Dirac Statistics: Three Techniques
  • Intrinsic Carrier Concentration
  • Band Diagrams

Week 6:

  • Doping
  • Donors and Acceptors
  • Temperature Dependence
  • Introduction to Non-Equilibrium
  • Steady State, Transient, Equilibrium

Week 7:

  • Recombination & Generation
  • R-G Formula
  • SRH Formula
  • Direct and Auger Recombination
  • Nature of Interface States

Week 8:

  • Intro to Transport - Drift, Mobility, Diffusion, Einstein Relationship
  • Drift Current
  • Mobility
  • Hall Effect
  • Semiconductor Equations
  • Continuity Equations
  • Analytical Solutions
  • Numerical Solutions

Week 9:

  • Introduction to PN Junctions
  • PN Diode I-V Characteristics

Week 10:

  • PN Diode AC Response
  • PN Diode Large Signal Response
  • Schottky Diode

Week 11:

  • MOS Electrostatics & MOScap
  • Q-V Characteristics
  • MOS Capacitor Signal Response
  • MOSFET Introduction

Week 12:

  • MOSFET Non-Idealities
  • Flat Band Voltage
  • Modern MOSFET
  • Moore's Law Challenges
  • Short Channel Effect
  • Mobility Enhancement

Week 13:

  • Bipolar Junction Transistor - Fundamentals
  • Band Diagrams in Equilibrium
  • Currents in BJTs
  • Ebers Moll Model

Week 14:

  • Bipolar Junction Transistor - Design
  • Current Gain
  • Base Doping Design
  • Collector Doping (Kirk Effect, Base Pushout)
  • Emitter Doping Design
  • Poly-Si Emitter
  • Shoe Base Transport
  • Bipolar Junction Transistor – High Frequency Response

Week 15

  • Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor
  • Applications, Concept, Innovation, Nobel Prize
  • Types of Heterojunctions,: Abrupt, Graded, Double
  • Modern Designs

Frequently Asked Questions

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Does this course require textbooks?

Yes. This course will use the textbooks below.

  • Advanced Semiconductor Fundamentals , second edition, Robert F. Pierret, Publisher: Pearson, ISBN-13: 978-0130617927 ISBN-10:013061792X
  • Semiconductor Device Fundamentals , Robert. F. Pierret, Publisher Addison Wesley, ISBN-13: 978-0201543933 ISBN-10:0201543931

Who can take this course?

Unfortunately, learners residing in one or more of the following countries or regions will not be able to register for this course: Iran, Cuba and the Crimea region of Ukraine. While edX has sought licenses from the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) to offer our courses to learners in these countries and regions, the licenses we have received are not broad enough to allow us to offer this course in all locations. edX truly regrets that U.S. sanctions prevent us from offering all of our courses to everyone, no matter where they live.

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