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What is web development?
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Types of web development
There are different types of web development: front-end, back-end, and full-stack development.Footnote 1 Note that web developers specialize in building websites, as opposed to mobile applications, video games, or software.
Front-end development refers to the client- or user-facing side of websites. Front-end developers design and develop the visual aspects of a website, including the layout, navigation, graphics, and other aesthetics. Their main job is to build interfaces that help users reach their goals, so front-end developers are often involved in user experience (UX).
Back-end development focuses on everything the user doesn’t see. Back-end developers work with servers, operating systems, application programming interfaces (APIs), and databases. They manage the code for security, content, and site architecture. They collaborate with front-end developers.
Full-stack development encompasses both the front-end and back-end sides of a website or software program.Footnote 2 Full-stack developers can create a website from start to finish. In addition to understanding HTML and CSS, these developers know how to program a browser, server, and database. They are skilled at working with the different technologies that handle different functionalities on a website, often requiring years of training and experience.
Web development curriculum
Enroll in any of these introductory classes to learn web development and start building websites in just a few short weeks.
Discover web development jobs
From developing mobile interfaces to pushing the limits of modern web applications, companies are investing in and expanding their online presence. Job roles for web development professionals include:
Technology applications engineer
Web design specialist
What do web developers do?
Web developers create and maintain websites. They are also responsible for the technical aspects of a website, such as how fast it loads, how it performs, and how much traffic the site can handle. Web developers may also create content for a website.
A web development job description might include any or all of the following:Footnote 3
Meet with clients to discuss the needs, design, and functionality of a website.
Create and test applications, interfaces, and navigation menus.
Work with web designers to determine the website’s layout.
Integrate graphics, audio, and video into the website.
Monitor website traffic.
Depending on the type of web development they do, developers may have additional job duties, such as working with databases and monitoring website security.
How to become a web developer
Educational requirements vary for web developers based on the employer, your particular role, and other factors. Many professionals working as web developers hold a bachelor’s degree, with some employers preferring to hire web developers who have specifically earned a bachelor’s degree in computer or data science or programming. For professionals looking to advance to a senior role or specialize in certain technologies, a master’s degree in data science may make them more competitive in the job market. But web developers may not need specific education credentials if they can demonstrate their abilities through prior work experience or projects.Footnote 4
For learners just starting out or professionals who want to expand their knowledge of specific skills, coding boot camps, and online web development courses can help teach coding and other applicable tech skills.